Child Support vs Alimony

Blue border with “Child Support vs Alimony” in black lettering and the gold Freed Marcroft LLC divorce and family law attorneys logo in the lower right corner.What is the difference between alimony and child support?  Read on to learn more about child support vs alimony — including the differences (and similarities) between the two.

Child Support vs Alimony Basics

Both alimony (also called spousal support) and child support are payments made from one person to another after a relationship transition.  Courts can only award alimony in a divorce.  On the other hand, child support can be awarded in a custody action (where the parents never married) or in a divorce.  Reduced to the most basic terms, alimony is a payment for the support of a former spouse while child support is a payment for the support of a child.

Read: Unmarried Couples

Length of Alimony Versus Child Support

Another distinction between alimony and child support relates to the duration.  Under most circumstances, parents pay child support until a child turns 18.  When a child has not graduated from high school by age 18, child support payments typically continue until the earlier of the child’s (1) graduation from high school or (2) 19th birthday.

By contrast, alimony can be:

Read: How Does Child Support Work in Connecticut?

Read: How Long Does Alimony Last?

 Waiver

Another difference between alimony and child support is that spouses can waive alimony but parents cannot waive child support.  Even if child support is paid in a lump sum, the court still has the authority to order parents to pay additional child support.

Read: Can I Pay Child Support in a Lump Sum in Connecticut?

Read: Does Connecticut Have Lifetime Alimony?

Purpose of Child Support vs Alimony

Child support in Connecticut is based on the two parents’ combined net income rather than on the actual costs (think necessary living expenses like food, shelter, and clothing) associated with raising a child.  Child support payments are meant to cover the basics — including shelter, food, and clothes.

The purpose of child support is to provide for the care and well-being of minor children and not to equalize the available income of the parents.  Sometimes, courts use alimony to equalize parents’ income for some period of time.  Nevertheless, household expenses may be a proper component of child support where the expenses are necessary to maintain the family home for the benefit of the children.

Therefore, the distinction between expenses addressed via child support versus alimony can be muddled.  This is particularly true when the child resides primarily with the alimony recipient. For example, rent or mortgage payment payments, utility bills, and groceries all relate to both a parent and child who live together.  To complicate things further, sometimes courts base alimony (in part) upon the expenses the recipient will incur for benefit of the children.  In other words, child support may cover the basics, but alimony may help a recipient spouse cover the extras.

Read: What Does Child Support Cover?

Read: How Alimony Works in Connecticut

Calculating Alimony vs Child Support

Connecticut’s statutes provide a set of factors for courts to consider in determining alimony.  Similarly, our statutes also provide a set of factors for judges to weigh in deciding child support.

Many of the child support factors overlap with the alimony factors.  For example, both include the parents’ respective:

  • age
  • health
  • station
  • occupation
  • earning capacity
  • amount and sources of income
  • estate
  • vocational skills
  • employability

There are some factors that courts consider for alimony that they don’t need to consider for child support.  For example, they include the length of the marriage, the reasons for the breakdown in the marriage, and property division in the divorce.

When it comes to child support, in addition to the factors, a judge must consider the calculation under the Child Support Guidelines.

Read: How Does Child Support Work in Connecticut?

Read: What Factors Are Considered When Determining Alimony in a Connecticut Divorce?

The Comprehensive Connecticut Alimony Guide

Alimony is one of the most important issues in divorces.  And, it’s one of the most confusing.  The good news is that this means there is tremendous flexibility to craft an individualized approach.  In order to prepare to make solid and informed decisions, you need to understand how alimony works. Our Comprehensive Connecticut Alimony Guide tells you everything you need to know about alimony in Connecticut.

Read: Alimony: The Comprehensive Connecticut Guide

Next Steps

The specifics of how alimony and child support might work for you depends on the ins and outs of your situation and your goals.

Our first step at Freed Marcroft, the Goals & Planning Conference, is designed to get to the heart of your problem and unveil your true goals for your life. Once we discover your goals for your life, we are able to take all of our collective experience with divorce, law, the available ways to divorce, strategy, courts, judges, and other lawyers, and build a divorce customized for you.

Schedule your Goals & Planning Conference today, or contact us either here or by phone at 860-530-4221.